Sudan received unusually high rainfall in 2013, causing severe flooding. Homes, water and sanitation facilities, and roads gave out under the extreme weather. Families were forced to leave their homes and resettle in communal spaces, such as schools and mosques. Clean water became contaminated by polluted water and was unsafe for consumption. Standing water quickly became a haven for houseflies and mosquitoes, threatening the spread of disease. The damage caused by widespread flooding also disrupted harvests and herds.
RI responded with a rapid-impact emergency project to restore access to clean water, improve sanitation and waste removal, and supply essential food and non-food items to communities. The response focused on:
- Chlorinating contaminated water sources
- Supporting construction and rehabilitation of latrines
- Improving food security by facilitating cash transfers and providing income-generating opportunities, such as cash-for-work
- Facilitating waste management
- Distributing emergency items, including blankets, soap, kitchen supplies and mosquito nets
- Preventing the spread of communicable diseases through health education and training of health personnel