Over a third of Nepal's population is involved in community forestry or depends on the forests for their livelihoods. Despite its ecological abundance, Nepal's forest communities are also some of the poorest, with many living below the national poverty line of US$59 per year. Deforestation is contributing to reduced agricultural productivity. The recent 10-year war between the government and the Maoists has further exacerbated the poverty situation for these forest communities.
EnterpriseWorks/VITA (EWV) has had programs in Nepal since the late 1970s and founded a local NGO, Asia Network for Sustainable Agriculture and Bioresources (ANSAB). They implement programs for improved agricultural productivity and focus on the poorest and recently war-torn districts of Nepal, including the Northwest districts. Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) have played a pivotal role in rural livelihoods in many parts of Nepal for decades. A wide range of stakeholders and institutions concerned with biodiversity conservation, rural development and poverty reduction are paying increased attention to this sub-sector.
Nepal - Current Programs
Nepal: Payment for Ecosystem Services
To conserve valuable ecosystem services (water, soil, biodiversity, and forest products needed by communities for food, fodder, fuel medicine and income generation) in order to reduce poverty and empower communities in rural Nepal. Learn More...